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Are Books Doomed to Extinction?
Publishers Must Innovate to Save the Book as We Know It, Says Best-Selling Author!
Michael Levin says he can see the writing on the iPad.
"Unless something changes, books as we know them are doomed, and not simply because people prefer to read on their iPads or Kindles." says Levin, (www.BusinessGhost.com), a New York Times best-selling author, as well as editor, publisher, co-writer and ghostwriter.
"You'll see the major publishing houses starting to go away in three to five years," Levin says. "Their business model is in free fall. Already, we're seeing books becoming shorter, cheaper, and diminishing in quality. You'll soon see fewer really good authors bothering to write books, because books are no longer a meaningful source of revenue."
Levin points to several developments he says foreshadow a sad ending for books:
Levin does find reason for hope, but it will require publishers to change how they do business.
- Attention spans are diminishing. Three-fourths of teachers said their students' attention spans are shorter than ever, according to a poll released in June. By 11 years old, nearly half of the kids had stopped reading for pleasure. The poll, by publisher Pearson UK, is just the most recent survey/study documenting shrinking attention spans and a corresponding drift from books. "Part of the problem is children don't see their parents reading," Levin says. "Obviously, the kids' aren't the only ones with diminishing attention spans."
- Major publishers are producing lower-quality books. The big publishing houses today are more interested in a quality marketing plan than in the quality of the book, so we're being deluged by low-quality books. One reason is that many large publishers have stopped taking on the expense of marketing books, but they know it's necessary for sales. So they take on authors with a marketing plan and budget. They're also less interested in "star" authors, who demand higher royalties. They also lost authors when they eliminated advances in response to the 2008 recession.
- Books are moving to devices, where content is free and time is thin-sliced. Online, you don't expect to pay for content. People will expect books available online to be either free or very inexpensive, and if those books turn out to be one chapter of ideas and eleven chapters of Hamburger Helper, they will be less willing to pay for them. Also, people don't spend much time going into depth online; books are supremely inappropriate for the surface-skimming nature of the Internet. Once people have bought a bunch of ebooks they've never started, they'll stop buying them altogether.
- Authors have a more difficult time earning a livable wage. Fewer authors can earn enough to make writing a full-time job. The audience is shrinking and fewer people are willing to pay $15 for a paper book when cheap alternatives are available. "We've already seen more books written to promote a product, service or company, or to brand the writer so he or she can pursue a more lucrative field," Levin says. "Most books of the future will be marketing tools, since that's the only way they'll be profitable."
"They need to stop trying to go after the mass market, which doesn't exist anymore, settle on a niche and develop a brand. Publishers that stand for something in the reader's mind - like Harlequin stands for romance - are built for the long haul," he says.
Instead of publishing 500 low-quality books every year, major publishers should bring out only 50 top-quality winners and actually market them, he says. And publish how-to and other guidance and instructional books in concentrated form: short, powerful and to the point.
The rest of us have a job to do, too, Levin adds.
"People need to read, and they need to read to their kids or buy them books. If people stop demanding good books, there eventually will be none available," he says. "The winners, going forward, will be that minority who still read and think for themselves. It's a lot easier for government, the military, and the corporate world to control the way people think if they aren't reading for themselves. That ought to be reason enough to save the book."
James A. Cox
Midwest Book Review
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